Monday, April 28, 2008
This is another Microscopic Error, was Found in 25 fils (Sammura Minaret 1969),in the past 6 years, see the distortion in the first level of the minaret in the upper stamp. I offer this very scarce revenue pair for sale.
This error is very rare and microscopic but I discovered it in the past 5 years. See that the arabic digit " 4 " of Arabic " 14 July " is distorted. It is unlisted erroneous revenue stamp in the Iraqi Revenues catalog written by Joe Ross of CA, USA. I offer this rare stamp for sale.
Monday, April 21, 2008
This is 10 fils revenue stamp of King Feisal II (photo of King as 6 or about 7 years age ), the stamp was issued in year 1942 for Fiscal use at that time, but here seen differently used because it is with postal cancellation. May be used through Iraqi V.I court correspondences inside or through correspondences of Foreign Consular Offices inside Iraq or may be used for some diplomatic Telegraph papers. Known by stamps collectors Iraq issued Obligatory stamps for dual use as postage or fiscal, among these stamps the early postage stamps of Views 1923, Mosul I.E.F.D.,Save Palestine and Civil Defense. Anyway its so nice found.
Sunday, April 20, 2008
Iraq: under the Ottomans was divided into the Vilayets of Mosul, Baghdad and Basra and the Sanjaq of Zor in the North West desert area.Towards the end of this period the first postal arrangements were organized through the Tartar courier service which included routes from Basra to Aleppo across the Syrian desert and from Baghdad to Constantinople via Mosul and Diarbekr. In 1773 a British residency was set up in Baghdad and in 1868 postal agencies established in the residencies in Baghdad and Basra. Turkey joined the UPU in 1875 from which date it used bilingual obliterators with the date using the Turkish official and Gregorian calendars. In 1914 Turkey joined the Central Powers – Germany and Austria Hungary – and this caused the British to send the Indian Expeditionary Force " D " to Basra with the aim of safeguarding the oilfields at Abadan and Mohammerah and of preventing the Central Powers from having access to the Gulf and so endanger the route between the United Kingdom and India. The I.E.F. " D " : the campaign in Mesopotamia which was originally planned as a limited operation to prevent Basra and its access to the Gulf from falling into the Central Powers hands, ended with nearly one million combatants and support personnel in the field. The campaign can be split into four distinct stages: 6 November 1914 – July 1915: The initial landing by the IEF " D " at Fao and capture of Basra in November 1914 and the limited actions in Southern Mesopotamia. November 1915 – 29 April 1916: The first advance on Baghdad battle of Ctesiphon where the Turkish forces were victorious, retreat to, siege and capitulation of the IEF forces at Kut. Autumn 1916 – April 1917: The second battle of Kut leading to its recapture, advance on Baghdad in December and its capture by the IEF on 11 March 1917. July 1917 – 3 November 1918: Campaign in Upper Mesopotamia and final capitulation of the Turkish VI Army, and the occupation of Mosul following the Armistice. Little action took place during the summer months due to the heat. Indian Field Post Offices were provided to support the Indian and British regiments. No British FPO's served in Mesopotamia during the campaign. A Base P.O and five FPO's accompanied the initial forces in 1914, and four more had arrived by the year end. As the number of troops increased, so did the FPO's reaching 40 by April 1916, 60 by the date of the capture of Baghdad and 91 by the Armistice. On the Central Powers side, the Turkish VI Army had its own FPO's which are scarce. Germany also provided high level military and airforce support through the AOK6 with their own FPO's. With the outcome of the War, the Vilayets of Basra and Baghdad were administered by the British and the position of the Mosul Vilayet was left in balance with both the British and French claiming responsibility. This was resolved in 1920 by the Sykes-Picot agreement under which the French claim was waived in favour of England. The Turks attempted to maintain control over Mosul and abetted the Kurdish insurrections of 1919 and 1922 and in 1921 the province of Sulaimaniya rejected union with the new state while the provinces of Erbil and Rawandooz voted against Feisal as King. Under the treaty of Lausanne in 1923, Iraq was put under the British Mandate although even then the position of Mosul was left unresolved and it was not until 1926 that the border question was resolved. During the British occupation of Mosul Vilayet Indian currency had been used, first by personnel of the IEF, and from 1918 it was the national currency & later in 1932 after the end of Mandate it was changed to fils and dinars. From Ottoman unused stocks of fiscal stamps , six stamps in different face values were overprinted Postage I.E.F. 'D' by the Government Press in Baghdad with new values 1/2 anna, 1 anna, 21/2 anna, 3 annas, 4 annas and 8 annas. Their issue was advised in Postal notice in the 1st of February 1919. A second printing of the 8 annas was made in July 1919. The IEF 'D' postage stamps remained in use in the Division until 1921 when they were replaced by the Iraq in British Occupation stamps as stocks were exhausted. On and after 1 September 1922 I.E.F. stamps were invalidated in Mosul town and division. Several errors and varieties occurred on the I.E.F. 'D' stamps & registered in Stanley Gibbons and other International stamps catalogues.
Friday, April 18, 2008
Save Palestine stamps are normal Iraqi revenue stamps overprinted with Arabic words " Inqath Filisteen" , issued early in year of 1948 to aid the Arabic side of Palestinian Land & Refugees versus Israel occupation. Those two stamps & others of same issue are now considered as pieces of Arabic-Israeli history of Conflict in the Middle East Area.
This is the highest face value stamp among other values of Iraqi revenue stamps set (15 values) which were issued in 1932. This is the only value in collection without Arabic overprint ( " Al-Maliyyah" = " Revenue" ) because it was inscribed at both upper corners in Arabic and English " IRAQ REVENUE" .The design of this stamp was taken from a painting by Mr. P. A. De Laszlo, which was the same design of the 1 Rupee (brown-coloured) postage stamp of 1927
Monday, April 14, 2008
Several Errors found in 1967 Flood Relief 5 fils ovptd stamps like as: double overprint and misplaced or shifted overprint and may exist other errors and varieties in those stamps and other overprinted stamps from the same issue.
Sunday, April 13, 2008
Thursday, April 10, 2008
Monday, April 07, 2008
All these 6 copybooks have photos of King Feisal II of Iraq (1935-58), pieces may not be seen again in this condition. Iraqis with nostalgia may keep with them like these pieces to remmeber the golden era of Iraq between 1955-58.
Those 5 Iraqi Cinema Tickets collect two sides of history , first is Iraqi Cinema movement & second is the revenue stamps history as these are very good documentary papers & especially history of Baghdad city also. Enjoy by seeing them, see Save Palestine Obligatory tax stamps on two of them.
Sunday, April 06, 2008
On two occasions during the early post war years Sheikh Mehmud declared himself King of ( South) Kurdistan. The revolts were rapidly put down though Mehmud remained a thron in the U.K. security service until the 1930's. One of the actions of the King was to issue a short series for four South Kurdistan stamps. These comprised 1 anna, 8 annas, 1 rupee and 5 rupees. Also 4 historic stamps on occasion of Victims of Black September ( "Ay-lool Al Aswad") was issued ,comprised 2 anna, 4 annas, 1 rupee and 4 rupees for Revenue use, . These stamps were issued for dual use as postage or revenue (Fiscal) & shown overprinted with arabic " Malleiyyah = Revenue, for that purpose ) & inspite of Announcing this part as national Kurdish Gov, the written words were in Arabic. In order to appreciate these stamps of Kurdistan it is necessary to understand a little of Sheikh Mehmud's history: By 1923, the RAF was back in Kurdistan and Turkey fighting a breakaway rebellion by Sheik Mamoud, the self proclaimed King of Kurdistan with Turkish backing. A column of 5,000 mounted British troops was sent into Kurdistan, Later After six weeks on horseback, and the burning of a number of rebel towns the British withdrew, not really accomplishing anything. (*) On 9 October 1956 Sheikh Mehmud Berzenchi, the "King of Kurdistan", died. He had given himself this title in 1922. The Kurdish region was part of Iraq, which had been a British protectorate since 1920. Iraq was a troubled land, the British faced revolt in the Kurdish north and the Shiite south. London decided to allow the influential Sheikh Mehmud to return (he had been exiled in the First World War to India). After he was appointed governor in Suleymaniya, he took advantage of this opportunity. He declared a Kurdish state with its capital Suleymaniya, and set himself up as king. It was not long before the British once again expelled him.